Pimple can appear on any part of the body as long as that part of the body is still covered with skin. This condition can appear only in 1 or 2 points. However, this condition can also appear in groups or groups in certain areas of the body.
Types of pimples on the face
Everyone has different types of facial skin. Pimple is like that, there are so many types.
Here are some types of pimples on the skin that you should know:
1. Broken skin on facial skin due to blackheads
The first type of pimples are blackheads which usually arise due to clogged pores. Blisters due to blackheads usually have a skin-like color or are sometimes white. The white color you see is a plug of oil trapped in the pore. Blackheads are actually a type of acne, but they are not inflamed.
Milia can also cause symptoms in the form of the appearance of bumpy bumps on your facial skin. Usually these milia are white, hard, and the protrusions resemble grains of sand trapped under the skin. Milia often appear around the eyes, cheeks, nose, and forehead. However, milia can also appear anywhere on the skin of the face. Milia pimples usually develop when a plug of oil and dead skin cells filled with keratin (the protein that makes up skin, hair, and nails) gets trapped just below the skin's surface.
3. Broken skin on facial skin keratosis pilaris
Keratosis pilaris is also known as a condition known as "chicken skin". This genetic condition is caused by a buildup of keratin. The buildup forms a plug that blocks the opening of the hair follicle. They are usually red, rough bumps, sometimes on the cheeks but most often on the backs of the arms, front of the thighs, and buttocks.
4. Allergic reaction or sensitivity
Blisters that appear on the face can also be the result of an allergic reaction or sensitivity of your skin. This reaction occurs as an immune response to the allergen. The form can be in the form of small bumps to a rash that is red and itchy. If the allergic reaction is very bad, you may notice a blistering bump, apart from severe itching, there should be no pain.
5. Dermatosis papulosa nigra (DPN)
Dermatosis papulosa nigra is a condition of common skin spots on darker skin tones and usually runs in families. These spots are not technically moles and cannot become cancer. DPN occurs due to a very shallow accumulation of epidermal cells and usually begins to appear in your 20s.
Causes of facial skin breakouts
1. Sun exposure and sweat
The main cause of the appearance of pimples on the forehead when the face is exposed to excessive heat from the sun. This causes the sweat glands in the body to become clogged. Of course the result will make the skin irritated, and the appearance of reddish bumps. When you experience this, it will usually feel itchy and rough.
2. Exposed to hair dirt
The next cause of facial skin breakouts is dirt from the hair. Laziness to clean hair can actually be one of the causes of breakouts. Especially when after doing activities and sweating you don't immediately clean it, of course the dirt will stick to the face.
3. The rest of the makeup and facial cleanser
When all day doing activities, many people tend to be lazy to clean makeup. There are also those who remove makeup, but because they are too tired, they rush and don't clean. If this happens as a result, the rest of the makeup and the rest of the facial cleansing ingredients become residue in the skin pores. This is a factor in the occurrence of skin breakouts.
4. Do not exfoliate the skin
Actually exfoliation is important to do especially for those of you who have a lot of activities outside the home. The purpose of this exfoliation is to exfoliate dead skin cells. Exfoliation is as important as cleansing and moisturizing the skin. So if you rarely exfoliate, dead skin cells can accumulate and if mixed with bacteria can cause breakouts.
5. Allergies to facial care products
You need to remember that every beauty product, especially for facial care, has different ingredients according to skin type. Before using it, you need to carefully read what content is in the product.
First, identify your skin condition, maybe you have allergies to fragrance, alcohol, or natural oils used in your facial care products. If the pimples don't go away after a while of using these treatment products, you should stop using them immediately.
6. Dirty makeup tools
It is highly recommended to regularly clean makeup brushes and sponges that are continuously used otherwise it will cause breakouts and even acute acne. Clean regularly and replace your makeup equipment if it is no longer suitable for use.
7. Dirty pillowcases and towels
The cause of pimples on the facial skin that you may not pay attention to is the cleanliness of the items around you. Some of them are one pillow and a towel. That's why you have to be diligent in changing sheets and pillowcases, and also provide special towels to dry your face. Because if the face is stuck to a dirty pillowcase or wiped with a damp towel that is not clean, the result is a buildup of bacteria.
How to prevent pimples on the face
1. Routinely clean your face
Routinely clean your face at least 2 times a day, when you wake up and before going to bed. Choose a face wash that suits your skin type. If needed, you can also apply the principle of double cleansing, aka washing your face twice to make sure your facial skin is completely clean of dirt. For those of you who use makeup every day, you can clean your face using a water-based makeup remover such as micellar water or an oil-based one to clean waterproof makeup on your face.
2. Use a moisturizer
After cleaning the face is done, the next way to get rid of pimples on the face is to use moisturizing products regularly. Everyone, regardless of skin type, must use a moisturizer. If needed, you can also apply toner and serum before applying moisturizer. Use a non-comedogenic, oil-free moisturizer to keep skin hydrated.
3. Apply sunscreen
Do not forget to always protect the skin from exposure to ultraviolet rays by using sunscreen. Sunscreen is a facial treatment that absolutely should not be missed. Especially if you do outdoor activities every day. Not only effective at preventing acne breakouts on the face from getting worse, sunscreen such as sunscreen or sunblock is also important to protect your skin from sun exposure that can trigger skin cancer.
The treatment step to help get rid of pimples on the face that is no less important is exfoliation treatment, which is a procedure to remove dead skin cells. Exfoliating the skin can be done regularly, such as once a week, by using the right exfoliating product according to your skin type. If the pimples on your facial skin are the type that requires more attention, it's a good idea to consult a dermatologist.
How to deal with pimples at the doctor
Before doing the treatment, usually a dermatologist will perform a diagnosis to determine what the exact cause of the breakout on your facial skin is. Once the cause is known, the doctor will create a treatment plan that is tailored to the needs of your skin.
Here are some methods of dealing with pimples that are usually carried out by doctors:
· Laser therapy: Different types of laser or light therapy can treat acne breakouts and rosacea.
· Chemical peeling: This treatment uses chemicals to help exfoliate the skin which is usually the cause of breakouts
· Extraction: If your pimples are milia, your doctor can physically remove them with this method
Pimples on facial skin to watch out for
There are times when pimples that appear on your facial skin are a dangerous medical condition. You should immediately visit a doctor if your acne has any of these signs:
· Appears very quickly
· Covers a large area of your facial skin
· Is spreading or getting bigger
· Itches, bleeds, or causes pain
· It's been a long break and it's not getting better
In addition, you should also contact your doctor if you are not sure what type of breakout you are experiencing.