Aloe Vera has been used for many purposes for centuries. Approximately 4000 years ago until now aloe vera is very well known for its properties because in its midrib there are various kinds of nutritional content. Aloe vera is thought to have come from the Canary Islands in western Africa. It has been known as medicine and cosmetic since centuries ago. This is recorded in the Egyptian Book of Remedies. In the book, it is told that during Cleopatra's time, aloe was used as a cosmetic ingredient and as a skin moisturizer. The Greeks as early as 333 BC have identified that aloe vera as a plant that cures all diseases.

Various kinds of nutritional content in aloe vera include:

 - Vitamins, namely A, B1, B2, B3, B12, C, E, Choline, Inositol, Folic Acid.

 - Minerals, namely Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium, Iron, Zinc, Chromium.

 - Enzymes, namely Amylase, Catalase, Cellulose, Carboxypepilase, Carboxyhelulose, Bradykinase.

 - Amino Acids, namely Arginine, Aspargine, Aspartic Acid, Analine, Serine, Glutamate, Threonine, Glycine, Phenyl alanine, Histidine, Isolucine.

Benefits of Aloe Vera for Facial Skin Health

The various benefits of aloe vera for the health and beauty of facial skin are:

1.     Moisturizing skin

Whatever your skin type, moisturizer is still needed to protect and maintain healthy skin. Aloe vera contains polysaccharides and sterols that can help retain skin moisture.

2.     Accelerate wound healing

Aloe vera can accelerate wound healing on the skin. The content of calcium and antioxidants in aloe vera can accelerate the division of keratinocyte cells (cells that produce keratin in the skin) and strengthen skin tissue. Aloe vera is also known to be good for healing wounds on the skin caused by sunburn.

3.     Helps smooth the surface of the skin

Accelerated cell division of keratinocytes will also smooth the surface of the skin. The benefits of aloe vera on this one can help remove dead skin cells, to be replaced with new, healthy and strong skin cells.

4.     Contains antioxidants and nutrients for the skin

Various vitamins contained in aloe vera, such as vitamins A, C, and E, are antioxidants that are able to ward off free radical attacks due to exposure to smoke and air pollution on the face. Not only that, aloe vera also contains various enzymes that can prevent premature aging of the skin.

5.     Helps relieve inflammation and itching

The inside of the aloe vera leaf contains substances that have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. This property is useful for relieving complaints on skin with acne problems, dermatitis (eczema), irritation after exposure to the sun, and psoriasis.

Because there are various types of facial skin, there are normal, dry, oily, and sensitive skin types. Each skin type has different needs and problems, so it needs to be treated in different ways.

The following are various ways to use aloe vera for facial skin care based on the skin type:

1.     Dry skin

People with dry skin must use a moisturizer as part of a series of facial treatments, to avoid irritation, itching, burning, or even acne.

Use aloe vera gel or a moisturizer with aloe vera extract after washing your face. Facial sprays containing aloe vera gel can also be used in the middle of the day or when the face feels very dry. Avoid using aloe vera on sensitive areas, such as the eyes and the inside of the mouth or nose.

2.     Normal skin

Normal skin is rarely problematic, but still needs to be cared for to prevent dullness and premature aging, as well as acne. Use aloe vera gel as a moisturizer. Face masks and serums containing aloe vera extract can also be used to treat normal skin, to avoid various skin problems.

3.     Oily skin

You can use products with aloe vera to prevent acne and relieve inflamed acne. The trick is to apply aloe vera gel on the face, let stand for 10-15 minutes, then rinse thoroughly.

Avoid using aloe vera products with other moisturizing ingredients that contain lanolin or mineral oil, so your skin doesn't feel greasy.

4.     Sensitive skin

For those of you who have sensitive skin, choose aloe vera products that do not contain perfume or alcohol because they can cause irritation to the skin.

You can use a sunscreen that is equipped with aloe vera extract to overcome the burning and burning sensation on the facial skin due to sun exposure.

But keep in mind, not everyone is suitable for aloe vera. If a red, itchy, or sore rash appears on your skin after applying aloe vera, you may have an irritation or allergy. Rinse immediately and stop using the product. If necessary, consult a dermatologist for treatment and advice on the safe use of aloe vera.